People & Place Names
— North East Chaco —
El Bermejo & Campo Winter
To jump, click:
The people and place names mentioned in John's record
of his visits to estancia "El Bermejo" (for The Bermejo Estancia Co., Ltd.) and later by Alfred's
record of his visits to "Campo Winter" form a unique set.
We will be adding names to the list and maps as we
progress with the transcription of the diaries. Any suggestions and
corrections are welcome.
Chaco Territory (east half)
(Source: Biblioteca Digital Trapalanga
de la Biblioteca Nacional, Argentina)
with: Campo Araoz,
& El Picaso
Estancia El Bermejo: ( 1910 - 1950+)
The estancia El Bermejo, 10 sq. leagues (25,000 ha.), was
bought on 13 May, 1910, for $a280,000 by the British
company The Bermejo Estancia Co. Ltd., the principal shareholders of
which were T. Agar, M. Cross, & Col. Ruston. John E. Benitz was also a shareholder
represented the company in Argentina with authority to register it, to
buy & sell land, and to oversee its management (see
John's diaries for details).
It was good for cattle breeding, but was also valued for its quebracho trees.
During the period of Alfred’s diaries (1927-1934), it was managed by Mr. Armitage
until October 30, 1930, thereafter by Mr. Brownrigg. The estancia was in
the shape of an inverted "T", 4 leagues east to west, and 2 league north to
south (4x2), with a stem 1 league wide that reached north 2 leagues to the Rio
Bermejo. The town of El Zapallar (renamed in 1950 to: Gral. José de
San Martín) was at its S-W corner.
Campo Winter (1917-1937+):
Campo Winter, 4 sq.leagues (2x2, 10,000 ha.), was given
by the federal government to General Lorenzo Vintter (1842-1915)
for services rendered in campaigns against the indians (see Wikipedia). Alfred bought it in 1917 from
Vintter’s daughters for $a50,000 (?). It was bordered to
the north by the Rio Bermejo, to the south and east by estancia El Bermejo.
Alfred later bought another 8,400 hectareas, east of the El Bermejo "stem" (see maps
Per the above cattle count of 1937, it carried 7,565 head, about 1 per 2½ hectares (6 acres). It was all sold soon after his death in 1937.
The first mayordomo (hired manager) at Campo Winter was apparently
Tuckey (no title). In 1930, Mr. Hamilton was managing it (at $500 per month),
there is no mention of when he started nor why Tuckey left.
The Miss Spackman mentioned is Phyllis Enid Spackman, governess to John & Mary Horner,
and at one time was engaged to Mr. Hamilton.
People are listed by their surnames then their first-name (if both
known), followed by their titles (Cacique, Capt., Comandante, Don, , Mr.,
Sr.). People may be listed twice for the diary entries don't always
provide full names, in particular of those people the writers are familiar
with, especially the workmen. Therefore, when searching for a person,
search separately for both the person's first-name and surname.
Places are listed by their proper name, followed by any preposition (El,
La, Los) or feature qualifier (Arroyo, Cañada, Colonia, Estero, Fuerte,
Isleta, Laguna, Mar, Paso, Rio).
Ñ - we treat as an
accented N, not as a separate letter (as it is in the Spanish alphabet).
The tilde was often omitted by English writers, as were most accent marks on
(1918 Jan.) - Many entries are followed by one
or more dates in brackets. The dates indicate the first month
in which a name is found in the diary for the year
— Abbreviations —
Alfred – Alfred A. Bz. – 2nd gen.
Arg. – Argentina
BA / B.A. / Bs.As. – Buenos Aires
Bz - Benitz
Cba. – Córdoba (province)
Herman – Herman Bz – 2nd
Johnnie – John E. Bz. – 2nd
Josephine – Josephine Bz-Schrieber – 2nd
LaCal. – Estancia “La California”
Mother - Josephine Kolmer-Bz - 1st
SFé – Santa Fé (province)
TL – Estancia “Las Tres Lagunas”
W&J – William & Josephine Bz –
WBz – Wilhelm Bz – 1st gen.
Willie – William O. Bz. – 2nd
For more about the Benitz 2nd generation, see this family page.
- Alfred / Alfredo / AABz
- Alfred Alexander Benitz (1859-1937) – see
his short bio. & much more; 8th child of Wilhelm & Josephine Benitz.
- Bermejo, El
- Estancia El Bermejo - see maps & description above.
- Bermejo, Rio
- A navigable river that flows from north-west to south-east it empties into
Paraná river. It separates the Chaco
Formosa provinces, and was the northern border to both estancias, El
Bermejo and Campo Winter.
- Buenos Aires / B.A. / BA
- Largest city and capital of Argentina, also the name of the largest
province (with capital La Plata) that surrounds B.A. the city
- Campo Winter
- Estancia owned by Alfred Bz - see maps & description above.
- California, La
- Estancia founded by WBz in 1875 in the province of Santa Fé.
4 sq. leagues, 100 km. north-west of Rosario and 30 km. north of
Cañada de Gómez, or 9 km. south of present-day Las Rosas. It was
the family home and headquarters for several decades after.
- Chaco, region
- To the Benitz family members, it meant the “Gran Chaco” climatic region that
encompasses north Santa Fé, north-east Santiago del Estero, and all of the
Chaco and Formosa provinces. It also includes south-eastern Bolivia, southern
Paraguay, and neighboring parts of Brazil, south of the Mato Groso.
- Estancia El Bermejo and Campo Winter were in both the Chaco
province and climatic region. Whereas Laguna Yacaré & Los Palmares
were within the Chaco climatic region but in north Santa Fé province.
- Chaco, province
- Province bordering Santa Fé to the north, its northern border was the Rio Bermejo.
- Argentine province to the west of Santa Fé province. Its capital,
Córdoba city, is about 700 km. NW of Buenos Aires.
- Entre Rios
- Province east of Santa Fé's southern half across the Paraná
river. It’s capital, Paraná, is directly east of Santa Fé
city. The provinces of Misiones, Corrientes, & Entre Rios lie between
the Paraná & Uruguay rivers, and form the Argentine mesopotamic
- Gómez, Cañada de
- (1884 Aug) Town 35km. south of La California, on the rail-road
Rosario and Córdoba city.
- John / Johnnie / JB / JEBz
- John Edward Benitz (1861-1916) – see a short bio. & much more.;
9th child of Wilhelm & Josephine Benitz.
- Josephine (mother)
- a.k.a. Josefa Kolmerer, Josefina Kolmer de Benitz, Mother
Mrs. Josephine Benitz (1830-1912) – see her bio. pages; wife of Wilhelm Benitz.
- a.k.a. Josephine Schreiber – she married Johan Schreiber, 1878
Josephine Benitz (1852-1911) – see her bio. pages; 5th child of Wilhelm & Josephine Benitz.
- Palmares, Los
- Estancia in the Chaco region of northern Santa Fé between
the Calchaquí and Salado rivers, 30 km. west of Calchaquí (town). Used for breeding
cattle, Alfred rented it 1890-1904, & later bought it, from the Santa Fé Land Co. (a.k.a.: La
Forestal). See his diaries & day-books, 1884-1904.
- Paraná, Ciudad / City
- Capital of Entre Rios province, it is directly east across the
Paraná river from Santa Fé city.
- Paraná, Rio
- A major river, its basin includes all of Paraguay, a good part of SW
Brazil, and most of northern Argentina. It drains south, joining the Rio
Uruguay to form the Rio de la Plata. Sea going grain vessels travel up it as
far as Santa Fé city. Before trains, a ferry service linked
Buenos Aires with cities as far north as Asunción, Paraguay.
- River town on the Paraná river, 80 km. NE of Vera, 110 km
NNE of L.Yacaré, 150 NE of L.Palmares. See map.
- Rincon, El
- Alfred Bz’s summer home in Cruz Grande, Cba.
- Largest city in the province of Santa Fé, on the west bank of the
Paraná river, 310 km. north of Buenos Aires and 160 south of
Santa Fé city. It was & is a grain export terminus.
- Rosas, Las
- Town closest to La California. Founded in 1888 (by the Dickinson
brothers) as Las Lomas, in 1892 it was incorporated into the adjoining
town of Las Rosas (founded in 1889 by William Kemmis). 130 km. NW of
Rosario & 35 km. north of Cañada de Gómez, it is today the seat
of the department of Belgrano, Santa Fé.
- Santa Fé
- Adjective: santafecino.
- Argentine province in which La California, L.Yacaré, and
L.Palmares are located. Its capital, Santa Fé city, is 475
km. north of Buenos Aires on the Paraná river (or 150 km. NE of La
California). The province is named after the city which dates from
colonial times. The northern 1/3 of the province lies within the Chaco
geographical region; the southern 2/3 are within the pampa humeda - the humid
pampas, prime agricultural land - flat and fertile.
- Santiago del Estero
- Adjective: santiagueño.
Province west of northern 1/2 of Santa Fé province
and south of Chaco province.
- Tijeras, Las
- Third league / section (counted east to west) of La California.
Populated with colonos (tenant farmers) during the 1880’s.
Alfred received it when he and his brothers divided up their joint
- Tres Lagunas, Las
- (aka: the TL or 3 Lag) Estancia owned by Alfred Bz; borders Las Tijeras
to the north; today it abuts the south side of Las Rosas, Santa Fé. He
bought it in 1909, it became his principal residence.
- Vermejo, Rio
- see Bermejo, Rio.
- William, Willie, WOBz
- William Otto Benitz (1854-1911) – see his bio. pages; he married Clara E. Allyn
& was the 6th child of Wilhelm & Josephine Benitz.
© Peter Benitz (Benitz Family)