Ea. “La California" - 1901 Day-Book Page last modified:
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Estancia “La California”
1901 Day-Book

This is the 13th diary that has survived the years, however, like the others, it has suffered from damp.  The entries were made by one or more people, William O. Beniz (Willie), his mayordomo, and segundos – alone or jointly.

Most of the entries were written by the mayordomos (deduced by correlating changes in handwriting with the presence or absence of the person on the estancia): Mr. Johansen (January through ...) his handwriting first appears in 1899.

Background:  The background image is John Schreiber’s lithograph of “La California”, which he drew in 1878.

Reference Pages:  To aid the reader with Spanglish terminology, unfamiliar names (people & places), and old measures (weights, distances, currencies, etc.) we have provided a set of: Reference Pages.  We recommend you have these available — they will open in a second window or tab.

~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~

PDF files:

Click on a title below to download a PDF file containing images of the actual diary pages.  Many blotter pages have comments, some aligned with dates on the facing diary page.  We transcribed onto the blotter pages comments that are difficult to read (written in faint pencil).

Front Cover & pages; Entries for Jan. & Feb.
Front Cover & printed information pages; and January & February entries.
Size: 6.3mb.
March & April
Daily entries for March & April.
Size: 6.3mb.
May & June
Daily entries for May & June.
Size: 6.0mb.
July & August
Daily entries for July & August.
Size: 4.3mb.
September & October
Daily entries for September & October.
Size: 5.8mb.
November & December; Back pages & Cover
Entries for November & December, and Back pages & Cover.
Size: 8.4mb.

Transcription:

Go to Month:  Jan 

Excluding format, the day-book has been transcribed as written, verbatim, without correction.  All obvious spelling and grammatical errors have been retained unchanged – we gave the benefit of the doubt to sloppy handwriting.  Anything we added or corrected is enclosed within [square brackets, with our comments in italics.]  For words we could not decipher, we provide our best guess followed by: [#?].  (Transcribed by: Veronica Benitz de Maffei)

Format:

1.  The day-book pages are titled with the month and year and have space in which to record 2 days per page, Monday through Saturday.  For the web, we inserted a title bar to separate the months, and reformatted the day titles, e.g. “2 Monday” becomes “January 2, Monday”.  Note: Sunday’s actvivities were recorded per the whims of the author, either appended appropiately titled below Saturday or inserted into Monday and subtitled “Yesterday”.

2.  Newspaper clippings, notes, business cards, and any other items found inserted in the diary we placed where most relevant.  Items for which we could not determine dates, we placed where we found them.

3.  Notes on the interleaved blotter pages we placed following the date to which they apply.  We included as notes blotted ink stains we could decipher.

4.  The daily weather conditions were often written each side the printed date: morning left — afternoon right.  We standardised their format, placing them on their own line below the date.

5.  Standard daily subtitles placed in the left margin (e.g. Killed, Died, Yesterday) we changed to hanging (out-dented) paragraphs with their text.

[ The written pages of the 1901 day-book begin with the MEMORANDA.
The preceding printed pages can be seen in the first PDF file above.
]

MEMORANDA from 1900.

Liguien  4299 Calle St Fé.

JANUARY, 1901.

[— Likely author: Mr. Johansen, mayordomo. —]

January 1 Tuesday

Fine day . warm

Killed 8 sheep sn

Died  1 torito Nº 17.  1 sheep sn  5 id Nº 7.  1 Ram Nº 7.  1 Cow Nº 7.  1 Potrillo Nº 8.  1 Capon Nº 8.  1 Cow Nº 20

Recorriendo en Las Tijeras

Mr. J. Benitz came fron Cruz Grande.
Mr. A Benitz came back with the ladies from San Andrés.

January 2 Wednesday

Fine weather   ——   warm  mx: 94+

Killed 5 sheep sn

Died  7 novillos & 1 Cow Nº 4.  7 Rams Nº 16.  1 Capon Nº 10 .  1 Mare Nº 2

Cuello parted: 96 novillos from Nº 20
       50 Cows   "  "
       19 Calves  "  "
Passed mares from Nº 20 to Nº 19  Mensuales recorriendo.  Passed one mule from Nº10 to Nº13 = ~~~ = Brought up 1 imported Ram from Nº 6N to Nº 13
Finished digging well in Nº 5.  Aurelio Rodriguez took 2 of R Torres mules to town.  Parted 20 Novillos from Nº 19 for A Larrahona and took same to San Genaro.

January 3 Thursday

Fine weather

Killed 1 Cow Nº 9

Died  1 Vaquilla Nº 8  1 Novillo Nº5.   2 Cows Nº 20

Parared rodeo in Nº 15. & cured abichados.   Also in Nº 20.   Parted from Nº 15 – 12 Novillos belonged to Nº 19    Recorriendo.   Troop from Los Palmares arrived 814 animales & put into Nº5.
Parared rodeo in Nº 20 & parted 280 cows “pampas" foorts [#?] Nº 18.   Recorriendo.

January 4 Friday

Fine day   ——    warm

Killed —

Died  3 Novillos Nº 4.

A Larrahona came and parted 67 novillos from Nº 19   Parared rodeo in Nº 20 & parted 232 cows “pampas" for Nº 18.  Parared rodeo in Nº 19 for Larrahona & parted   Novillos  Also in Nº 15  & Nº 9  in all 67 an.
Brought up cilindro & tina from Nº 3 & fixed.  took back again.  Digging well in Nº 14 & finished  Took herramientos to well Nº5.
Parared rodeo in Nº 5 to give chaqueño novillos water.

January 5 Saturday

Fine day

Killed 8 sheep Nº sn

Died  2 Rams Nº 16.  1 Borrega Nº 8.  12 Sheep Nº3.  25 id. Nº 2  1 Novillo Nº 9.  1 Nov Nº 19.  1 Cow Nº4

Parared rodeo in Nº5 to give chaqueño novillos water.
Morando parted 8 cows from Nº 7.
Dispatched Larrahonas troop 67 ans.
Digging well in Nº 5.
Brought up potros Nº 18 to corral
Passed mares Nº19 to Nº20

Don Alfredo went to Rosario.
Mr J Benitz Miss Hattie, Katie, Josephine & Willie Benitz went to Cruz Grande

January 6 Sunday

Fine day

Killed 5 Sheep sn

Died  1 fine Ram Nº 13  1 Cow Nº 16  1 id Nº18  1 Buey Nº20  2 Cows Nº 18

passed Black Mocha cows from Nº 17 to 6.   59. cows 1 Bull.  also novillos from Nº17 to 9.
Gave water to pampas in Nº 18 also Novillos in Nº 5.  Recorriendo

January 7 Monday

Fine day   ——   warm

Killed 1 Cow Nº9

Mensuales recorriendo.  Parared rodeo in Nº 5 & cured abichados.  Also cured 5 fine Rams in Nº6 N.  Digging well in Nº 1 & finished.
  Brought up mares from Nº20 to corral.

Died  2 Cows Nº 18  1 Horse Nº4

January 8 Tuesday

Rain in the afternoon

Killed —

Died  —

Cleaned well in Nº11.  Cilinder fell down in the well & hurt Montoya.  Brought cilinder and tina from Nº11 to blacksmith shop to be fixed.  Put new cilinder and tina in Nº3.  Mensuales recorriendo.
Parted 8 potros from Nº 20 & put into Nº 18 Also [#?] 3 abichados from Nº 11  Sent mares back to Nº 20

January 9 Wednesday

Rainy day

Killed 1 Novillo Nº 9

Died

Recorriendo in the morning.  Also in the afternoon.
   Dispatched troop of 20 ans. for San Genaro from Nº 19.
Cutting abrojos in Nº8 & 11

January 10 Thursday

Fine day

Killed —

Died  5 Cows & 9 Novillos Nº4  1 Cow Nº 7.  13 Sheep Nº 3.  4 Sheep Nº 7  7 id Nº 8

Finished digging well in Nº11  Parared rodeo in Nº2  Also moved cattle from Nº 2 to Nº 4 (746)  Parared rodeo in Nº3 and parted 21 cows for Cuello & put into Nº10  Also 25 vaquillonas for Nº8.  Recorriendo.  took siñuelo bayo from Monte.

Died  9 Sheep Nº1.  25 id Nº4.  1 Capon Nº6S.  3 Sheep Nº 7.

Cutting abrojos in Nº 7

Sr Professor Budin called.

January 11 Friday

Cloudy

Died  1 Capon sn

Killed 1 Novillo Nº 20  4 Sheep sn

Parared rodeo in Nº 18 & parted:
80 Calves for Castañeira also dispatched
20 Cows from Nº10 for ídem.  Recorriendo.  fixed fence towards S. Clara.  Brought up Mares from Nº15 to corral.  Cured 3 cows abichados in Nº 16  Cured abichado Mares in Nº 12.  Mensuales recorriendo.
Cutting abrojos in Nº 7 & 8 & 11  Open fence in monte at the house to let two novillos get out.  Cuello brought 4 Novillos and 3 Cows recoentados [#?] from Balde’s camp.

January 12 Saturday

Cloudy

Killed

Died  1 Sheep Nº6S.  2 id sn  9 id. Nº1.  6 id Nº3.  3 id. Nº4  1 Novillo Nº7  1 id. Nº 15  3 Nov Nº4.  1 Cow Nº 1

Cured 1 mare abichado from Nº 15 & put in Nº12.  Took mares back to Nº15  Cutting abrojos in Nº7.  Brought up mares from Nº7 & cured 2 abichados & put into Nº 12 & took mares back to potrero.  Recorriendo.
Parared rodeo in Nº8 & cured abichados also cured abichados in Nº7  Asked rodeo from S. Clara for Monday.  Also from Las Lomas for Tuesday.  Cured sheep abichado in Nº6S & N also in Nº7.

Mr & Mrs W.O. Benitz went to Rosario & came back

January 13 Sunday

fine morning   ——    rain & storm p.m.

Recorriendo.  Brought up 6 pigs from Nº 17 to the house

Killed 2 Sheeps sn

Died  1 Cow Nº 6S.  2 Sheep sn  1 Capon Nº 8

January 14 Monday

fine day   ——    Fresh temperature

Killed 1 Cow Nº 18

Died  2 Sheep Nº4.  1 Capon Nº 10

Went to S. Clara for rodeo, no Novillos found.
Brought up flock Nº7 to corral.  Brought up capones from Nº10, parted 65 messtizos exportacion, caras negras for Nº13.  Counted rest 584 & put back.  Brought up 1 potro abichado from Nº18 cured & put in Nº12.  Cured potrancas abichadas in Nº12.  Mensuales recorriendo.
Parared rodeo in Nº20 for Cuello to see Novillos  Parared rodeo in Nº18 & parted 50 Cows for Morando & put into Nº10  Parared rodeo in Nº 15 & parted 28 Novillos ~~~ & 1 red cow ~~~ for Cuello & put in Nº 10.

Mr. Plant & Gillyatt called

January 15 Tuesday

fine day   ——    Fresh temperature

Killed 8 Sheep sn

Died  1  "  Nº 6N  1 Sheep Nº6S  2 Novillos & 1 Potrillo Nº4

Count flock Nº 7 = 1630
Went for rodeo in Las Lomas & brought back 1 Novillo for Nº 15  Parted from flock Nº 7-118 old sheep (deshechos) for consumo and put into sn.  Recorriendo  Finished cleaning & fixing well in Nº1.
Brought up cattle from Nº8 to corral

January 16 Wednesday

fine day   ——    fresh temperature

Killed 1 Lamb Nº 6S

Died  3 Sheep Nº 3  3 id Nº 1  1 Potrillo Nº 3

Brought up cattle from Nº 8 to corral  Brought up flocks Nº6N & 6S & revised
cutting Abrojos chicos
fixed Soga in well Nº 6.

January 17 Thursday

fine day   ——    fresh temperature

Killed 1 Novillo Nº9  3 Sheep & 1 capon sn

Died  1 Capon Nº10  1 Potranca Nº20  2 Novillos Nº4  1 id Nº8

Began cutting abrojos on road to lecheria.
Marked cattle from Nº8 & parted:
354 Vaquillonas for Nº2
511 Novillitos   "  " 8
Passed 181 Vaquillonas from Nº6N to Nº2  Parted 13 Vaquillonas from Nº16 .. 19 from Nº14 & put into Nº 2 after having marked them.  Mensuales recorriendo.  Cutting abrojos chicos.

January 18 Friday

fine day

Killed

Died  1 Cow Nº6S  2 Rams Nº16

Parted 32 Novillos for San Genaro from Nº19 & dispatched some.  Beltrame’s recieving hides.  Recorriendo.  Carted part of hides to Las Rosas.
Brought capones in Nº 10 to rodeo.  fixing well in Nº16
Cutting abrojos chicos

January 19 Saturday

Rain in the night.

Died  — Died: 1 Capon in Nº7  1 Ram Nº8  7 Sheep Nº1  7 Sheep Nº3  8 Sheep Nº4, 1 Novillo Nº9  1 id Nº4.  1 Vaquill Nº2  1 Horse Nº 11
[Omitted confusing extra line titles: Died Killed]

Recorriendo parado Rodeo in Nº 7 & parted 69 calves (1 year) for Nº10  Brought capones Nº10 to Rodeo.
finished carting hides to Las Rosas.  finished well in Nº 16.
Cutting Abrojos chicos
Mrs. Benitz, children & Miss Bell went to the mountains
Station Master from Las Rosas sent 1 cow & 2 Vaquillonas to be served

January 20 Sunday

Rain in the morning

The cows belonging to Station master put in Nº6

Killed: 2 Sheep sn  1 Cow Nº10

Died  1 Sheep sn  1 Ram Nº16

January 21 Monday

Rain in the   ——   morning

Killed 1 —

Died  1 Novillo Nº7  1 id Nº4.  1 Mule Nº4.  7 Sheep Nº7  1 id. Nº8  1 Sheep Nº6s

Recorriendo.  Parted 6 cows from Nº7 for Morando.  Parted 12 Terneros from Nº7 – to Nº10   20 Novillos from Nº5 to Nº10  95 Bulls Nº9 – Nº6N  1 Cow Mocha negra from Nº9 – Nº6S.  Parared rodeo in Nº10 for Terneros [#?] to water.  Took out ajeno horses from Nº11 to 6S.
Parared rodeo in Nº 15 & parted 11 Novillos for Nº 10  Brought up potros Nº18 & parted 10 for buyer from Tucuman.  Brought up frisones Nº 15  Brought up horses and mules from Nº9 & gave 12 to mensuales to ride.

January 22 Tuesday

Fine day

Killed 6 Sheep sn

Died  1 Capon sn  1 Novillo Nº15  1 Cow Nº18  1 Horse Nº12

Counted frisones in Nº 15 – 28  Also potros Nº18 – 78.  & took back to potreros.  Recorriendo  Cured 7 abichado mares in Nº12.
Brought up one abichado Mare from Nº20 to Nº 12  Parared rodeo in Nº 4 & parted 140 Cows & brought up to Corral.  Bosaled 60 potros for Tucuman.
Put earth round bebidas in Nº 16

January 23 Wednesday

fine day

Killed 1 Cow Nº16

Died  1 Mule Nº4  1 Capon Nº10  1 Ram Nº16

Dispatched 10 potros to S. Genaro for Tucuman.  Marked 140 Cows from Nº 4 & put back.  Digging well & fixing brocal in Nº 16  Also passed 1 Cow from Nº11 to 14  Recorriendo.  Parared rodeo in Nº20 & parted 7 Novillos for Consumo & put in Nº16  Also 6 cows from Nº18 & put in Nº16  Brought up Rams Nº16 & parted 12 for Nº 13  Parared rodeo in Nº 10 to give Terneros [#?] Water.

January 24 Thursday

Fine day

(Killed) Died 7 Sheep Nº7  2 id Nº6S, 5 id Nº4, 6 id Nº3, 3 id Nº1, 1 Ram Nº16

 Died  2 Cows Nº18  2 Novillos Nº15  1 Novillo Nº19  3 Cows Nº2  2 Novillos Nº4

Brought up Rams Nº 13 & sent 14 to Nº1  2 to Nº 6S.  1 to Nº 6N.  Parared rodeo in Nº7 for Cuello to see  Parared rodeo in Nº 10 & 9 for Cuello to see
Mule Cart gathering skins in Nº7  Brought skins from Las Tijeras & osamentas  Cured abichados in Nº16  Cured riding horses in Nº18  Fixed soga Nº 5 well  Recorriendo  Gathered Capones in Nº10 to rodeo
Brought up horses from Nº17 belonging to Aurelio Rodriguez who parted some for Nº 9 & Nº17
Fixed brocal in Nº 17

January 25 Friday

Fine day

Killed 1 Cow Nº16   3 Sheep sn

Passed Novillos from Nº9 to Nº10

Castañeira  Parared rodeo in Nº10 & parted 34 Novillos ~~~ to Nº9.  Parared rodeo in Nº 20 & parted 6 Novillos & 15 Cows & put into Nº 9 for Castañeira  Parared rodeo in Nº 18 & revised cattle.  Mensuales recorriendo
Fixing well in Nº17  Brought up capones in Nº 10 to rodeo
Burning osamentas in Las Tijeras

Died  2 Novillos Nº19

Pontalis  mayordomo came.  (Mr Lockhart)

January 26 Saturday

fine day

Killed 5 sheep sn

Died  ——

Recorriendo  Parared rodeo in Nº 7 & parted 27 terneros de 1 año for Nº10  Brought up mules [#?] from Nº 4 & Curared in brete & took back  Parared rodeo in Nº5 & cured abichados.   Brought up mares Nº7 to corral.
V. Morando parted 40 Rams from Nº16

January 27 Sunday

fine day

Parared rodeo in Nº7 & parted 22 terneros & 3 Vaquillonas for Castañeira & taken away  Larrahona parted 17 Oxen from Nº 20 to 19  Parared rodeo in Nº 9 & 10 and took 1 Novillo out belonging to Nº 19.

Died  11 Sheep Nº4  3 Novillos Nº4  1 Cow Nº2  1 Cow Nº7

Mr. W Benitz drove to Armstrong bound to Victoriana.

January 28 Monday

fine day

Killed 1 Cow Nº 16

Died  1 Mare Nº 7

Larrahonas troop dispatched composed of 16 Oxen & 13 Novillos - (from Nº19 3 Novillos ~~~ & 8 others [inserted below is: from Nº10. 2 Novillos ]
Fixing sheep-pens and cleaning sheep dip  Brought up flock Nº7 to corral.  C Morando parted 8 Cows from Nº 10.  Filled dip with water  Cured abichados in Nº12.  Recorriendo & put 6 barrels of dip in the water

January 29 Tuesday

fine day

Killed 3 Sheep Nº7

Died  3 Sheep Nº7.  1 Novillo Nº7.  1 Cow Nº18.  1 Novillo Nº9.  1 Cow Nº18.  5 Cows Nº4.  6 Novillos Nº4

Began parting capons from flock Nº7:  390 for Nº 8.  Also 43 black faced sheep in Nº8  329 borregas forn Nº7  Dipped same.
Dipped the rest 877 & passed to Nº 2.  Brought up Capones Nº 8 to corral  Also mares from Nº20 & parted 72 Potros belonging to Nº18 & taken back to the respective potreros.  Filled dip with more wáter.  Put one barrel dip in the mezcla.  Changed cilinder in Nº 2 well bringing back old cilynder

January 30 Wednesday

fine day

Killed 1 Cow Nº16

Died  1 Cow Nº2,  2 Cows Nº18.  1 Novillo Nº 15.

Dipped capones from Nº8.  747 ans.
Parted 402 borregas from Nº8 to Nº7
 "  77 Ewes   "  6S
Parared rodeo in Nº 10 & parted 15 cows & 3 terneros for Montes Oca.  for Morando  Brought up flock Nº 6S & dipped 410 ans.  Also parted 27 sheep from Nº 6S to Nº 4.
Brought up flock Nº 6N & dipped 424.
 " " " " 4 to corral.
Cuello took 27 Novillos & 22 cows to Nº 17 from Nº9.  Parted 60 Novillitos de 1 año from Nº10 for colonist Forchino & put in Nº11  Deshorned [#?] 1 Novillo & 1 Cow in Nº 10  Cured abichados in Nº12 & 16
Castañeiras men came.  Delivered Salvatierras horse to tropero.
Mr Dresser came.

January 31 Thursday

fine

Killed 3 Sheep sn  2 Sheep Nº 4

Died  3 Sheep Nº4.  7 Novillos y 6 Cows Nº4.  1 Cow Nº2.  1 cow Nº3.  1 Carf Nº7.  1 Cow Nº7

Dispatched troop to Rosario 27 novillos & 22 cows & 35 terneros from Nº20.  Left 2 Novillos from Castañeiras troop ~~~ in Nº 20 & parted 1 Novillo ~~~ from Nº20, former Novillos being lame.  Parted from flock Nº 4 588 Borregas for Nº7 & 415 Capones for Nº8  Dipped flock Nº4 925 ans.  Dispached 55 Novillitos for colonist Forchino.  Recorriendo.

[ Blotter Note, facing January 28 & 29. ]

Mortandad Enero 1901
Vacunos Lanares Caballar
Novillos 63 Sheep 204 Potrillos3
Cows 50 Rams 11 Mares 2
Vaquillas2 Capones2 Horses3
Bueyes1 Borregas1 Mules  2
Terneros   1 Fine Rams   1  10
117 226
Consumo
Capones1 Cows8
Ovejas67 Novillos  3
Lambs  1  11
 69

© Peter Benitz (Benitz Family)